Saturday, 20 August 2016

Sandomierski costume part 2

Costume from Sandomierz
Married woman's costume on left, maiden on right.
This costume is a lesser known one, mainly because they stopped wearing them in the mid 19th century. However a few articles of women's clothes have survived, today this costume is a reconstruction based on old notes and drawings. The peasants lived in villages near the city of Sandomierz in South-east central Poland, hence the name of this costume from said region.

The doll on the left is my newest acquire. The one on right I had for 30 years. These dolls made in the 1970's.
Back of doll, detail of her matrimonial hat.
Women's clothes were linen shirts with a ruff at the neck, aprons, scarves headband, large white linen shawls, the so-called alleged. kap, which is a high standing trapezoidal headdress of married women, single girls were bare headed. Wealthier women wore laced-up front smooth vests in green and jackets with sleeves lined of lamb. Newer clothes were solid coloured skirts, with trimmed bottom in black velvet. White or black shirts with embroidered collars and cuffs. Laced shoes and corals beads finished off the costume.

Men's costume consisted of a shirt-type poncho, called the vest. They wore linen type pants. A brown Sukma - (great coat) - with stand-up collar, belted woven belt, boots and high four cornered hat with dark blue or black cloth, edged with a black lamb. They later wore long white overcoats with turndown collar, with folds at the back. On their heads they wore caps, or navy blue round cloth caps.

Some examples of the folk attire from a local museum, and a drawing from the Atlas of Polish Folk Costumes.