Thursday, 25 October 2012

All Large dolls, Krakowski and hope chest

The large Polish dolls
This latest post is on the larger dolls I have brought out to show.
   Until now, all my dolls were from 8 to 11 inches (20 to 30.5 centimetre) in height. These ones were stored away, as I have no room to display them, they go by 13 to 21 inches (33 to 53 cm). I don't really like to collect these larger size ones, but I acquired them as gifts or on sale, so I couldn't pass that up.

Large Lowicz girl
   This was a special order about 6 years ago. I made request for her to have the costume done with attention to detail on embroidery. Made by the Stanislaw Wyspianski Handicraft Cooperative, Krakow. Skirt is a little too long though. Stands at 15 inches (38 cm).
   Love the tiny embroidery work they did on vest and sleeves.

Married woman's costume of Zywiec Township
  I have much earlier posted about the dress of Zywiec town. This one is a married woman's attire, where she has a long sleeved jacket with wide flat collar and a gold trimmed bonnet. This doll is 13 inches and was made by 'Milenium' doll makers in Krakow, labelled 1975 on tag.

  I have included the couple, which the lady has a maiden attire, size 10 inches (25.4 cm).  See the difference in size?

Szczyrzyc Lachy
  There are two kinds of Lachy, the Limanowa and Szczyrzyc. This group of people are situated between Kraków, the gorals and Nowy Sącz area and have borrowed some costume elements from their neighbours, yet they retain their own identity.
  Men wore dark blue wool double vests, one short and a longer one over that, richly adored with sequins, beads, buttons and lots of embroidery. Linen pants and cotton shirts. Black hats with artificial flowers and ribbons. Women had linen skirts with white embroidered aprons, short green damask bodices, white tulle or cotton kierchiefs with white work embroidery. Young maidens wore black bodices with bead work and floral printed skirts, no aprons or head dress.
Since I don't have any female dolls in this costume, I've include a photograph what it should look like.

Large Podhale-Gorals
   Again, these are from the Stanislaw Wyspianski Handicraft Cooperative in two sizes. The larger ones are 15 inches and small ones are 5 inches. More detailed work is on the larger ones, they also cost more.

Large Krakow guys
   I have the three large Cracovian guys. One eastern Krakowski and two western. The two large ones are 20 inches (50.8 cm) and are made by the Stanislaw Wyspianski Handicraft Cooperative in Krakow. The smaller guy is Krakowski-Bronowice bachelor, made by 'Milenium' in 1977 and stands at 13 inches (33 cm).
   The one on left is east of Krakow from villages of Zaborowa and Dąbrowa Tarnowska, the one on right is western from villages of Mników, Kaszów and Rudawa. 
Close up of Zaborowa men's (bachelor) outfit. Attention to shirt embroidery.
                 Photo below is  from villages of Mników, Kaszów and Rudawa.

Large Krakow ladies
Married woman's attire and a bride in white with tall flowered wedding hat.
Front and back. Wonderful detail of jacket and head scarf.
   These are two from Krakow-Bronowice. Bronowice was the largest village west of Krakow city that has now become a suburb area of the city. Because it was the closest and largest village, this variation of peasants folk costume became the most well known and represented of all Cracovian costumes. I have the married woman's attire and the wedding outfit, both 20-21 inches tall. Made by the Stanislaw Wyspianski Handicraft Cooperative in Krakow. (See earlier posts on Western Cracovian.)
Krakow Bride and painted hope-chest

The Polish Hope Chest
   On my last visit to Poland in 2011, I have brought a miniature hope chest at the Cepelia store, as its more for jewellery or such. This one is a Cracovian (Krakowski) painted style, as each region had their own style and design. 
     The hope chests is something everyone knows about. All over Europe in years gone-by, a girls mother would start to collect, find, inherited and make household goods for the marriage dowry. This was collected over the years starting when she would be a little girl, and all items were stored in the chest for the future. Once married, she took these things with her to set up house keeping. It became a must have for in helping secure marriage. The more she had, the better prospects for finding a well off husband. 

   All agreements were made between the parents. The boys were given some tools, animals, land or stood to inherit all his fathers land and cottage. Houses were seldom built for the young married couple and the bride would usually move into his parents house and live with them until they died.

      This is my idea of what would be included in a chest, based on what I have read and heard.

   Bedding items such as feather-down pillows and tick, pillow cases and duvets. Kitchen items like jars, clay pots, wooden pails, cast iron kettles and frying pans, copper pots (if you were rich or lucky) ceramic plates, pottery, a butter churner, utensils, wash board and brooms. House items as embroidered tablecloths, napkins, lantern or oil lamps, spinning wheel and wool, several bolts of linen and cotton plain or printed (for making clothes and bedding), laces, ribbons, religious pictures etc.  
Close up picture below:
   In some cases the bride would bring in a milking cow, which when a calf, given by her father for her to look after when she was young. Chickens and geese were also part of her dowry. During a wedding, presents were not normally given but money was collected after the church ceremony, which was used to buy more goods they needed.
   Pictures of authentic Cracovian chests. Above from a local museum in Wygiełzów near Kraków. Below from the Ethnographic museum in Kraków. Note the wheels on the bottom: to help move a heavy chest from one home to another. Krakow area, mid 19th century.