Thursday, 12 July 2012

Polish dolls and dolls of the world

Polish dolls and dolls of the world
The Cepelia Polish Art and Handicraft

  This is a YouTube video of international dolls. This exhibit was in Finland 2011. Shows Polish, Thailand, Romanian and India dolls among others. There was an International Dolls Biennale held in Krakow from the years 1974 - 1999 that was sponsored by the Cepelia Handicraft Cooperative. It was a competition that drew in many other doll manufactures from different countries and they bestowed prizes and awards to the best ones. Beautiful dolls with some showing traditions and holidays like: Easter egg dyeing, stripping feathers for pillows, etc.

Its written in Finnish and has music to go with it. Great video!

Monday, 9 July 2012

Lajkonik, Gorlice, Cieszyn, Pyrzyce, Podlaski-Radzynski

    The Lajkonik is one of the unofficial symbols of the city Krakow. It is represented as a bearded man resembling a Tartar, dressed in Mongolian attire with a white decorated paper-mache horse around his waist. As in the past 700 years, there is a Lajkonik festival held every year in Krakow during the feast of Corpus Christi, celebrated every June.
Close up
     During the 13th century, when Krakow was attacked during the Mongolian invasion, the likely story was the citizens of Krakow successfully repelled the Tartar invasion. Someone dressed up in the clothes of their Tartar Khan (leader) and rode triumphantly around the city, to celebrating this historic defeat. The mayor declared this to be an annual celebration.
     These dolls come in all sizes and are popular to find in Poland today.

Costume from Gorlice
   This costume is from the foothills of Lower Beskid (Małopolska area), several towns represented and Gorlice is the largest one, hence it is called Gorlicki. There are two varieties; Western is by Gorlice and Eastern by Krosno and Brzozów. This costume has many influences from its neighbours such as highlanders (gorals), Hungarian and Slovak. The men's costume is known for its large linen poncho-like coat called Cuwa and knitted round hat called Magierka. Men stopped wearing their costume before the first world war, women wore theirs till WWII.
   These beautiful dolls were special order this year from Andrzej & Jadwiga Kaliszewski, Warsaw.

Married women wore brocade or Jacquard kerchiefs with a lace cap underneath
which shows up on forehead. Maidens had no head dress, just long single braid.
    This costume is from the Silesian area (Śląsk) next to the Czech border, which the larger city is in Polish side, smaller one is on Czech side called Tesin. This costume is represented on both sides of the border. The Cieszynski costume belongs to apparels modelled on the fashion of the Renaissance. It has much in common both with the upper class clothing and that of other ethnic groups living in Central Europe. Made mainly from expensive materials, it had specific features typical only for that region. Beautiful short sleeved eyelet blouses, gold and silver embroidery on short black vests.
Example of costume jewellery for Cieszyn costume.
   They are most famous for their silver and gold jewellery that adorned the woman's costumes:  broaches, fasteners and belts with hanging chains. Men's costume was more plain, black or navy blue pants and vest, red kerchief tied under collar and wide circular hat.

    North-west part of Poland. Located in the Western Pomeranian area, south of the city Szczecin, close to German border. The settlement area of Pyrzyce is very old, written references appeared in the eighth-ninth century. This area belonged to the Piast kings in the early years of history before it was taken over by German territories. The soil was extremely fertile and was called the breadbasket in the middle ages. During that time it was sparsely populated due to frequent wars on the Polish and German sides so colonists were brought in from Netherlands, Flanders, Frisians, England, Sweden, Switzerland and Germany. 
Early illustration of Pyrzyce costumes, festive version.
   The woman's costume of the Pyrzyce area is very unusual looking. Short, wide, stiff pleated skirts, Dutch type bonnets and most unique was the muff, red embroidered socks tied with garters and velvet lace bags. This influence was said to be of Frisian origin which developed to the late 18th century. These costumes disappeared and have been reconstructed based on old documents and drawings. Germans also claim this costume, they call it Weizackertracht.
   This doll is made by the Stanislaw Wyspianski Handicraft Co-op, but she has painted apron and scarf where it should be embroidered.

Podlasian (Radzynski)
    Eastern Part of Poland, this is a fairly large area. There are up to five different sub-groups. In this picture I have the area called Radzynski.
   This costume was worn in the southern Podlasie region, which Radzyn-Podlaski is the biggest town there. Made mostly of homespun material such as linen and wool, skirts are stripped or chequered. It is a more plain version compared to the Nadburzan one (see earlier posts). What is characteristic with this one is the tulle scarves with whitework embroidery tied under the chin. Coloured glass beads completed the outfit. Men's costume is the same for all of Podlasie area, so same guy doll as before.