Sunday, 13 May 2012

Janosik, Podhale, Orawa, Radom, Ołobok

Janosik the robber
   A modern day Robin Hood, was a highwayman (Zbójnik) in Poland's Tatry area. Juraj Janosik was born in 1688 in Northwest Slovakia, which then was under the Kingdom of Austria-Hungary at the time.
  According to legend, he was first recruited by the Habsburg army, which he deserted after helping a Slovak robber escape and joined his group of brigands. At age 23 Janosik became their leader. Most of their victims were rich merchants. They are also said to share their loot with the poor and part of the legend may be based on the facts too. As outlaws they were wanted by the authorities, and hid in the mountains and caves.
   Janosik was captured in the fall of 1713 and sentenced to death. A hook was pierced trough his left side and he was left dangling on the gallows to die. He was a hero to the goral locals.
   Well nice enough doll but his legs are too short. About 8 inches tall including hat. Found on e-bay 2 years ago.

Podhale Górale (part 2)
Label says:  Handmade in Poland, Jadwiga Kaliszewska, Warszawa
Another pair of highlander dolls, in this one the lady is sitting on a wooden stump.
   The Gorals are mountain people and shepherds wearing sheepskins, felt wool, homespun linen and large leather belts with buckles and brass inlay. They are not of Slavic origin but were Wallachian normads (from Romania?) that travelled with their sheep all over the high Carpathian mountain ranges and settled there in the 15th century. Some in southern Poland, others in Czech, Slovakian and Ukrainian mountains.
    The gorals have distinct dialect, customs and traditions. They live in log cottages in high places.
Their music and dances are unique, not found anywhere else in Poland, which they perform to this day.

   The Orava gorals are another subgroup of highlanders, west of Podhale. Typical wear for women were lightweight wool vest and skirt in small floral patterns. Commonly worn till the second world war, then disappeared. 
   This maiden doll I received as a present from someone in Poland about 20 years ago.
   The Radomski costume is from the area near the city Radom, which is east of Opoczno and north of Kielce. They had clothes made from wool such as stripped skirts, aprons and capes and linen blouses/shirts.  Coloured vests with trims and head scarves completed the costume. 
   This lady has a variation from the village IŁZA, south of Radom, which has green apron with embroidery. Costume went out of use early 20th century, men's much earlier.
   Received this year, she was a special request from doll makers in Warsaw. Mr. & Mrs Kaliszewski, who specialize in different regional dolls for sale in Poland and abroad.

  Ołobok is a village located in central Wielkopolska (Great-Poland). The women's dress from the region is a unique in this area, different from other area of Wielkopolska. Some influence may have come from the neighbouring region of Silesia. Skirt and vest were made of lightweight wool in floral patterns, white cotton apron with eyelet embroidery and white embroidered tulle bonnets and artificial white beads.
  This doll was special made with this costume.
Photo from book: "Suknia wydaje ludzkie obyczaje" - Folk dress from Wielkopolska in the collection of the Ethnographic Museum. 2006 Poznan