|Maiden and bachelor from western Krakow area|
Handmade by: Jadwiga & Andrzej Kaliszewski, Warszawa
There is close to 80 rural villages and small towns, near and further from Kraków that wear their own version and style of this costume, so there are many variations. Also, this is divided by East and West of Kraków.
|A Bronowicki married woman's outfit|
|Bride and groom|
Pictured here are wedding dolls in the Bronowicki version, west of Kraków. The Krakowski bride wears a all white outfit with a type of wedding hat that was topped with artificial flowers and ribbons. Grooms wore a white sukmana - a type of long white coat, with their outfit and four cornered red hat with many peacock feathers. Married men then wore black hats called celender (żeleźniak).
One of the Mazovian area costumes on the right bank of Vistula river, just east of Warsaw. The Kołbielski costume was also made of homespun wool and linen. Woman also wore a bodice made frequently of red damask. White embroidered tulle bonnets with multi-coloured little ribbons or kerchiefs covered their heads. Was worn till the second world war.Hard to find this kind of doll, so I had her specially made, but she has a felt vest instead of a damask looking one.
Kurpiowski Puszczy Zielonej (Kurpian costume from the Green Forest) is a well known one, just north east of Warsaw, they lived in a marshy and forest area. They were mainly hunters as soil was poor for farming. Distinct was the high black hats for maidens, called czółko, decorated with ribbons, artificial flowers and sometimes peacock feathers. Married women wore kerchiefs. They also wore bast shoes that were laced up with thin rope to the ankles, boots came in later years. So popular was this costume that it was worn up to WWII, and even today for church and family ceremonies.
These dolls are from two different doll makers showing the maiden attire.
Raciborski costume is identical to the overall group of Silesian costumes. The greatest similarity was to the dress of Pszczyna and Rozbarsk. The most characteristic element of Raciborski outfit was the coloured garments, decorated with patterns of a large woollen scarf worn crossed over on the shoulders.
Raciborski costume developed in the nineteenth century, which had an impact on increasing wealth of the village. Women wore long pleated skirts, and had aprons of brocade fabrics, often decorated with floral patterns. Typical elements are colorful shawls with silk fringes. The men's costume was similar to those of Silesia, and at the end of the nineteenth century, it has been replaced by urban attire.I found the girl in a Cepelia store in Katowice just last year, the gentleman I ordered from a doll maker in Warsaw last January.
Named after the city Kielce in Małopolska (Little-Poland) region, the Kielecki costumes came out of use gradually in the early twentieth century. Only the women's dress has survived. They were mostly sewn from homespun fabrics. Skirts, aprons and capes were in stripped colours, predominantly red. Long wool capes were worn on shoulders, and were not only protecting against the cold, but also from rain and even snow. They wore kerchiefs on their heads, but this doll doesn't, she came with her braids done up.
|Lubuski (left) and Bamberek Poznanski (right)|
Very most western part of Poland, close to German border. Lubusz costumes are represented in the towns of Dąbrówka, Międzyrzecz and several other villages. Large white tulle embroidered bonnets with wide ribbons and shawl for the married women. Young girls wore flowered wreaths on their heads. Men's costume disappeared at the turn of century.Poznan
Worn in the villages around the city of Poznan. Also called Bamber, it has both German and Polish influences. Made from costly material and worn mainly for church ceremonies till the first world war. It included a head dress for unmarried woman, a high tiara made of artificial flowers and bows. As in most of Wielkopolska region, they wore shoes. These two I had privately made.